Center Identification Number: 77714
Project Title: Enhancing Transit Safety and Security with Wireless Detection and Communication Technologies
Sean J. Barbeau
Philip L. Winters
Center for Urban Transportation Research
University of South Florida
External Project Contact:
Public Transportation Office / Transit Operations
I. Project Objective/Problem Statement
Safety and security in transit systems are of major concern because of the open nature of transit and the high density of people and goods transported along thousands of miles of road or track. Not only does transit appeal to terrorists as an attractive target, but issues concerning system safety and managing incidents put challenging demands on transit and emergency management staff. In order to meet the varying safety and security needs of different transit agencies with varying budgets, solutions are needed that are flexible and scalable in size and cost of implementation as well as deployable in a varying environments that make up the transit industry.
This project will integrate remote Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) into existing two-way location-based multimedia communication system for global positioning system (GPS)-enabled mobile phones developed by researchers at the University of South Florida (USF). Wireless sensors can be scattered in any site temporarily or permanently to automatically monitor and detect motion, sound, intrusion, temperature, chemicals, and much more. The observational effectiveness of a few onsite safety or security personnel are significantly multiplied by a relatively inexpensive sensor system that could be entirely unmanned and remotely notify off-site personnel in case of an incident. An intelligent alert system will also be developed that can automatically contact designated officials based on the detected event. This prototype tool would be used both as a pre-emptive mechanism to avoid potential disasters and as a catalyst for immediate response to mitigate the effects of an incident that has already occurred.
As part of this project, input from transit agencies will be sought to identify a specific area of application for WSNs towards safety and security in a transit environment. While the WSN technology developed in this project could be applied to different scenarios, this project will demonstrate the use of the prototype technology by focusing on a particular area of application. Conversations with transit personnel have yielded several real-world problems that could potentially benefit from WSN systems, including:
The proposed scope of service for this project consists of the following tasks.
Task 1: Conduct literature review and assess technology options for Location-Aware Wireless Sensors and location-enabled cell phones
Task 2: Identify a transit agency and specific a safety/security application to which the WSN technology will be applied
Task 3: Develop method to establish and locally monitor a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and communicate between the WSN and the Internet
Task 4: Modify the existing two-way location-based communication system to incorporate data from Wireless Sensor Networks
Task 5: Develop method for alerting appropriate personnel once a sensor event has been detected
Task 6: Prepare Final Report
Deliverables for this project will include the following:
Progress Reports will be submitted on a quarterly basis to the Research Center for processing. The first Progress Report will become due 3 months after a Notice to Proceed is issued by the Department. Progress reports will be sent to Sandra Bell, Contracts Administrator at Sandra.Bell@dot.state.fl.us and will include the following information:
Draft Final Reports
The draft final report will be edited for grammar, clarity, organization, and readability prior to submission to the Department for technical approval. The editor providing the review will sign a cover sheet attesting to such review prior to submission. The provision for editorial services will be CUTRs responsibility.
Thirteen copies of the final report will be delivered to: The Research Center, 605 Suwannee Street, MS 30, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0450. A camera ready unbound original, and an electronic copy in MS Word format on CD will be delivered to FDOT with one electronic copy in MS Word format of a Summary of the Final Report shall be a separate document and include the following four sections:
The Final Report will contain a completed Technical Report Documentation Form #F.1700.7, immediately after the title page and a page after the Report Documentation Form that states the following:
IV. Project Schedule
V. Project Budget
Notes: This budget does not reflect any federal participation. The project team will include faculty, students, and secretarial and other support staff who will work directly on the project and whose costs are reflected in the direct costs of the project as listed above. Budget requests includes salaries for clerical and administrative staff, postage, telephone calls, office supplies, general purpose software, subscriptions, and/or memberships.
Equipment used to establish a wireless sensor network as well as up to 3 GPS-enabled phones will be purchased for this project
Local travel to design and develop the system with GPS-enabled phones and the wireless sensor network will occur. In-state travel to test and demonstrate the system for the involved transit agency will occur.
VIII. Student Involvement
Graduate students will be involved in developing the software and testing this system.
National Center for Transit Research · at the Center For Urban Transportation Research · University of South Florida · 4202 E. Fowler Ave., CUT100 · Tampa, FL 33620-5375 · (813) 974-3120 · (813) 974-5168 · www.nctr.usf.edu · Comments: firstname.lastname@example.org