Center Identification Number: 473-05
Project Title: Repair Time Standards for Transit Vehicles
Lisa Staes, Senior Research Associate
External Project Contact:
I. Project Objective
To establish accurate repair time standards for transit vehicles in Florida public transit systems. This project will develop standards in order to minimize the time required to perform tasks, continually improve reliability of services and to conserve resources and minimum costs by specifying direct/indirect materials of tools to provide repair service.
II. Project Abstract
Time standards are goals that must be
accomplished. According to the literature, for organizations that operate
without standards a 60% performance is typical. When time standards are
established, performance improves to an average of 85%, a 42% increase.
Establishing time standards is a step in the systematic development of new
workcenters and the improvements in methods used in existing workcenters. Areas
such as purchasing, cost accounting, control and process design are closely
related to standards functions. To operate effectively, all of these areas
depend on time and operational procedures.
III. Task Descriptions
Task 1: Exploratory Phase.
Task 2: Analysis of repair components
1. Prioritization of times to be
Task 3: Conducting time studies (data collection)
Task 4: Building the database
This task is an ongoing process, wherein all data generated during previous tasks will be structured systematically. Technologies to be used for database construction are Oracle or SQL.
Task 5: Documentation of research work
Documentation of research progress will be maintained and presented quarterly. This phase also consists of preparing final project reports, suggested time standard charts and database.
Graduate students will be used collect and analyze data. In addition, graduate students will help to develop database for time standards.
V. Relationship to Other Research Projects
VI. Technology Transfer Activities
The results of this project will be given to FDOT through quarterly reports and a final report. In addition, a database will be developed to store repair time standards in order to make times available for continuous use and for future modifications.
The final report will be available on the CUTR website. In addition, a postcard mailing will be conducted to individuals on the Florida Maintenance Training Program mailing list (that includes the names and addresses of maintenance managers and transit directors from around the nation) notifying them of the availability of the study.
VII. Potential Benefits of the Project
The principal benefits of having accurate time standards for repairing transit vehicles are: a) to increase productivity and to provide a reliable service safely and b) to lower cost, thus allowing more quality services for more units that need to be repaired.
In addition, the American
Public Transportation Association (APTA) and the Society
for Automotive Engineers (SAE) are the in the process of establishing a
national certification program for transit maintenance employees, while the FDOT
through the Florida Maintenance Training Program are also considering a
certification program. The time standards developed through this project will
assist both groups in the development and implementation of their certification
VIII. TRB Keywords
Time standards, time study, work
National Center for Transit Research · at the Center For Urban Transportation Research · University of South Florida · 4202 E. Fowler Ave., CUT100 · Tampa, FL 33620-5375 · (813) 974-3120 · (813) 974-5168 · www.nctr.usf.edu · Comments: firstname.lastname@example.org