Center Identification Number: 416-06
Project Title: Land Developer Participation in Providing for Bus Transit Facilities/Operations
Laurel Land, Research Associate
Center for Urban Transportation Research
External Project Contact:
I. Project Objective
To research and synthesize the range of ways in which bus transit facilities
and operations costs can be provided through land developer participation as a
condition of approval to build. The final product would serve as a resource for
local and state governments and transit agencies.
II. Project Abstract
As the concepts of transit-oriented development are growing in popularity and being put to practice in urban areas, many new developments are being built to promote the use of transit. Local governments nationwide have used a variety of means to secure developer participation in providing or paying for transit facilities and operations. It is apparent through calls for technical assistance to CUTR by local and state government officials, that many are unaware of the range of tools available to them to provide for transit facilities and operations. This research will inventory and describe the options in addition to the advantages and disadvantages of the various arrangements, under what conditions certain arrangements work best and describe the outcomes of recent projects. The study will address government internal coordination needed among the local jurisdiction's planners, permitting office, the MPO and the transit agency. The study will also address issues of enforcement of conditions of approval to build.
Task 1 Literature Review
CUTR will conduct a literature review to identify any current written
summaries related to developer participation in providing bus transit facilities
or operations. This includes land use and transportation planning texts and
journals, transit periodicals and other sources. The literature search will
include legal publications and case law to determine the boundaries of legally
defensible and equitable participation requirements of developers. The
literature search will include a review of Florida Development of Regional
impact (DRI) regulation and processes. The literature search will also include a
review of local ordinances from a sample of states that require local government
comprehensive plans and those that do not.
Based upon the findings of the literature review, a sample of at least ten
local municipalities will be selected for the development of case studies to
illustrate the use of the various identified options for requiring developer
participation in providing bus transit facilities/operations. FDOT will
participate in the selection of the case study examples. The case studies will
include contacting key participants in the negotiations and approval process for
Task 3 Information Synthesis and Final Report
Summaries of the case studies and general findings from Tasks 1 and 2 will be
synthesized and described in a final report.
IV. Student Involvement
Graduate students will assist in the literature review, summarization of
information and selection of municipalities highlighted in case studies.
V. Relationship to Other Research Projects
In depth information sources are available on specific tools, such as planned
unit developments, impact fees, level of service criteria and others. However,
these tools may be tailored and described for the purpose of meeting other goals
besides providing for developer participation in securing transit facilities.
For example, the USDOT published "Status of Traffic Mitigation
Ordinances" (DOT-T-90-06) prepared by Peat Marwick Main & Co. in 1989.
The report discusses the features and use of trip reduction ordinances, some but
not all of which are directed toward developer participation. A report prepared
in 1999 for FDOT by CUTR, "Public Access to Private Property,"
discusses the legal rights of transit agencies to enter and serve private
property as well as to identify the major concerns of private property owners as
it relates to allowing access to their property by public transit providers.
This study relates to some degree to this proposed scope in that land
developer/owner participation usually involves placing transit facilities on
private property. This proposed scope seeks to develop an up-to-date and easy
reference for planning agencies and transit agencies regarding the range of
tools available and the legal power available to municipalities for providing
transit facilities and operations funds from land developers. It is not known
that a similar compilation is available.
The final report resulting from this research will be provided to the NCTR
Advisory Board for their review and included on the NCTR web site for easy
access by the public. The final report in electronic format will be provided to
VII. Potential Benefits of the Project
Municipal and transit staff are frequently unaware of the range of options
and powers available to them when negotiating with developers for transit
facilities. The outcome of this project will be a comprehensive reference for
municipalities and transit agencies.
Public transit, transit amenities, land development
National Center for Transit Research · at the Center For Urban Transportation Research · University of South Florida · 4202 E. Fowler Ave., CUT100 · Tampa, FL 33620-5375 · (813) 974-3120 · (813) 974-5168 · www.nctr.usf.edu · Comments: email@example.com