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Center Identification Number: 416-06

Project Title: Land Developer Participation in Providing for Bus Transit Facilities/Operations

Co-Principal Investigators: 

Sara Hendricks, Research Associate

Laurel Land, Research Associate


Center for Urban Transportation Research
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

External Project Contact:

I. Project Objective

To research and synthesize the range of ways in which bus transit facilities and operations costs can be provided through land developer participation as a condition of approval to build. The final product would serve as a resource for local and state governments and transit agencies.

II. Project Abstract

As the concepts of transit-oriented development are growing in popularity and being put to practice in urban areas, many new developments are being built to promote the use of transit. Local governments nationwide have used a variety of means to secure developer participation in providing or paying for transit facilities and operations. It is apparent through calls for technical assistance to CUTR by local and state government officials, that many are unaware of the range of tools available to them to provide for transit facilities and operations. This research will inventory and describe the options in addition to the advantages and disadvantages of the various arrangements, under what conditions certain arrangements work best and describe the outcomes of recent projects. The study will address government internal coordination needed among the local jurisdiction's planners, permitting office, the MPO and the transit agency. The study will also address issues of enforcement of conditions of approval to build.

III. Task Descriptions

Task 1 Literature Review

CUTR will conduct a literature review to identify any current written summaries related to developer participation in providing bus transit facilities or operations. This includes land use and transportation planning texts and journals, transit periodicals and other sources. The literature search will include legal publications and case law to determine the boundaries of legally defensible and equitable participation requirements of developers. The literature search will include a review of Florida Development of Regional impact (DRI) regulation and processes. The literature search will also include a review of local ordinances from a sample of states that require local government comprehensive plans and those that do not.

Task 2 Information Collection

Based upon the findings of the literature review, a sample of at least ten local municipalities will be selected for the development of case studies to illustrate the use of the various identified options for requiring developer participation in providing bus transit facilities/operations. FDOT will participate in the selection of the case study examples. The case studies will include contacting key participants in the negotiations and approval process for each municipality.

Task 3 Information Synthesis and Final Report

Summaries of the case studies and general findings from Tasks 1 and 2 will be synthesized and described in a final report.

IV. Student Involvement

Graduate students will assist in the literature review, summarization of information and selection of municipalities highlighted in case studies.

V. Relationship to Other Research Projects

In depth information sources are available on specific tools, such as planned unit developments, impact fees, level of service criteria and others. However, these tools may be tailored and described for the purpose of meeting other goals besides providing for developer participation in securing transit facilities. For example, the USDOT published "Status of Traffic Mitigation Ordinances" (DOT-T-90-06) prepared by Peat Marwick Main & Co. in 1989. The report discusses the features and use of trip reduction ordinances, some but not all of which are directed toward developer participation. A report prepared in 1999 for FDOT by CUTR, "Public Access to Private Property," discusses the legal rights of transit agencies to enter and serve private property as well as to identify the major concerns of private property owners as it relates to allowing access to their property by public transit providers. This study relates to some degree to this proposed scope in that land developer/owner participation usually involves placing transit facilities on private property. This proposed scope seeks to develop an up-to-date and easy reference for planning agencies and transit agencies regarding the range of tools available and the legal power available to municipalities for providing transit facilities and operations funds from land developers. It is not known that a similar compilation is available.

VI. Technology Transfer Activities

The final report resulting from this research will be provided to the NCTR Advisory Board for their review and included on the NCTR web site for easy access by the public. The final report in electronic format will be provided to FDOT.

VII. Potential Benefits of the Project

Municipal and transit staff are frequently unaware of the range of options and powers available to them when negotiating with developers for transit facilities. The outcome of this project will be a comprehensive reference for municipalities and transit agencies.

VIII. Keywords

Public transit, transit amenities, land development


National Center for Transit Research at the Center For Urban Transportation Research University of South Florida 4202 E. Fowler Ave., CUT100 Tampa, FL 33620-5375 (813) 974-3120 (813) 974-5168 Comments: