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Abstracts from the

Journal of Public Transportation

Volume 8, No. 1, 2005

The Demand for Rail Feeder Shuttles

David Anspacher, DMI-SG, Inc.

Asad J. Khattak, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Youngbin Yim, University of California at Berkeley

Abstract

Rail transit systems offer opportunities for travelers to avoid traffic congestion in large urban areas. This article explores the possibility of expanding access to existing rail transit systems through demand responsive shuttles. It examines demand for such an innovation in the San Francisco Bay Area where relatively good rail service already exists. Using survey data collected in a case study of one urban and one suburban neighborhood (N=800 individuals surveyed) served by the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit agency, this article investigates the influence of several factors on people’s willingness to use, pay for, and wait for the shuttles. The results indicate that a significant percentage of the surveyed population is willing to try the shuttle. Higher willingness to use the shuttle was associated with women, younger and elderly respondents, noncommuters who travel by SOV, and rail users who access the stations by transit. Higher willingness to pay for the shuttle was associated with suburbanites. Full text (pdf)

Using GPS Technology to Measure On-Time Running of Scheduled Bus Services

Philip Bullock, Qingjian Jiang, and Peter R. Stopher, The Institute of Transport Studies, The University of Sydney

Abstract

Assessing bus service running times has been a difficult and expensive task for many urban bus operators. This has restricted the ability of operators to collect adequate data to identify problems and improve service levels. Passive Global Positioning System (GPS) devices offer a low-cost means of collecting large amounts of highly accurate data, to be used in an ongoing performance assessment program. Some programming skills are required to break continuous GPS data into information that is meaningful to a scheduler. This article provides an overview of a software application developed to process and analyze GPS datasets collected by a bus operator in Sydney, Australia, in 2002-2003. The data collection procedure and processing algorithms are described, and examples are presented of output produced by the software. The algorithm developed to process the GPS data worked well. We conclude that passive GPS is a cost-effective method of collecting data on performance. For operators running buses on five or more routes, system development costs could be recovered within two to three years. Full text (pdf)

The Demand Performance of Bus Rapid Transit

Graham Currie, Monash University

Abstract

This article uses a trip attribute approach to examine the relative passenger attractiveness of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems compared to other transit modes. It examines how passengers value trip attributes for on-street bus, BRT, and light rail and heavy rail systems in passenger behavior research. Empirical data is presented which suggests that passengers value trip attributes for BRT and rail modes in a broadly similar manner. All of these transit modes are favored relative to on-street bus. These findings suggest that BRT systems should be as effective as rail in generating patronage when developed to replace on-street bus services. This conclusion, in association with research demonstrating lower costs for BRT systems compared to rail, may be used to claim cost effectiveness advantages for BRT. However, a number of limitations in the evidence are identified and additional research suggested. Conclusions of the research are also used to suggest ways to improve BRT system design to enhance demand performance. Full text (pdf)

Innovative Public-Private Partnership Models for Road Pricing/BRT Initiatives

Patrick DeCorla-Souza, Federal Highway Administration

William G. Barker, Urban Transportation Consultant

Abstract

This article presents alternative concepts for serving commuter travel demand in major metropolitan areas with a system of priced expressways integrated with Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), and presents potential new models for setting up public-private partnerships (PPP) to finance, implement, and operate the system. These new models may make possible the self-financing of new BRT services and facilitate efficient provision of multimodal transportation services. The PPP model for expressway operation uses shadow tolls to compensate private partners, while at the same time charging motorists market-based tolls to ensure free-flowing traffic conditions and to provide a fast, reliable running way for BRT. Revenues from tolls charged to users may be used to pay contractual obligations to private partners for highway operations, toll collection, and BRT services. To encourage efficient and effective provision of transit, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV, and park-and-ride/pool services, private partners may be compensated for provision of transit services and HOV promotion using shadow fee payments based on the number of commuters served.  Full text (pdf)

Review of Urban Transportation in India

Sanjay K. Singh, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Abstract

Cities play a vital role in promoting economic growth and prosperity. The development of cities largely depends upon their physical, social, and institutional infrastructure. In this context, the importance of intraurban transportation is paramount. This article provides an overview of urban transport issues in India. Rather than covering every aspect of urban transportation, it primarily focuses on those areas that are important from a policy point of view. The article first reviews the trends of vehicular growth and availability of transport infrastructure in Indian cities. This is followed by a discussion on the nature and magnitude of urban transport problems such as congestion, pollution, and road accidents. Building on this background, the article proposes policy measures to improve urban transportation in India. Full text (pdf)


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