State Statutes Citing Telecommuting
State Employee Telecommuting
- Colorado - Role of State DOT
- Telecommuting for Aid to Families with Dependent Children
- Housing Standards
- Texas -
41-786. Reimbursement of transportation and telecommuting costs; definition
A. The director shall adopt rules to provide for the reimbursement of up to one
hundred per cent of the cost to state employees of either:
1. Public, van pool or private transportation service to and from their place of
2. Telecommuting connectivity.
B. For purposes of this section, "public transportation" means local
transportation of passengers by means of a public conveyance operated or
licensed by an incorporated city or town or a regional public transportation
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49-588. Requirements for major employers
A. In each year of the regional program each major employer shall:
1. Provide each regular employee with information on alternate mode options and
travel reduction measures. This information shall also be provided to new
employees at the time of hiring.
2. Participate in a survey and reporting effort as directed by the task force
and as scheduled by the staff. The results of this survey shall form a baseline
against which attainment of the targets in subsection D of this section shall be
measured as follows:
(a) The baseline for participation in alternative modes of transportation shall
be based on the proportion of employees commuting by single occupancy vehicles.
(b) The baseline for vehicle miles traveled shall be the average vehicle miles
traveled from place of residence to work per employee for employees not residing
on the work site.
3. Prepare and submit a travel reduction plan for submittal to the staff and
presentation to the task force. The staff shall assist in preparing the plan.
Major employers shall submit plans within nine weeks after they receive survey
data results. The plan shall contain the following elements:
(a) The name of the designated transportation coordinator.
(b) A description of employee information programs and other travel reduction
measures which have been completed in the previous year.
(c) A description of additional travel reduction measures to be undertaken by
the major employer in the coming year. The following measures may be included:
(i) A commuter matching service to facilitate employee ridesharing for work
(ii) Provision of vans for vanpooling.
(iii) Subsidized carpooling or vanpooling which may include payment for fuel,
insurance or parking.
(iv) Use of company vehicles for carpooling.
(v) Provision for preferential parking for carpool or vanpool users which may
include close-in parking or covered parking facilities.
(vi) Cooperation with other transportation providers to provide additional
regular or express service buses to the work site.
(vii) Subsidized bus fares.
(viii) Construction of special loading and unloading facilities for transit and
carpool and vanpool users.
(ix) Cooperation with political subdivisions to construct walkways or bicycle
routes to the work site.
(x) Provision of bicycle racks, lockers and showers for employees who walk or
bicycle to and from work.
(xi) Provision of a special information center where information on alternate
modes and other travel reduction measures is available.
(xii) Establishment of a full-time or part-time work at home program for
(xiii) Establishment of a program of adjusted work hours which may include
telecommuting, compressed workweeks or staggered work hours. Work hour
adjustments should not interfere with or discourage the use of ridesharing and
(xiv) Establishment of a program of parking incentives such as a rebate for
employees who do not use the parking facility.
(xv) Incentives to encourage employees to live closer to work.
(xvi) Implementation of other measures designed to reduce commute trips such as
the provision of day care facilities or emergency taxi services.
(xvii) Incentives for use of reduced emission vehicles and alternative fuel
vehicle refueling facilities.
B. All employers in area A with one hundred or more employees at a single work
site shall notify their employees of the employees' duty to comply with the
requirements of section 49-542. The travel reduction program regional task force
shall prepare and make available a standard information form for use by all
employees of those employers.
C. Except as provided in subsection F of this section, an approvable travel
reduction plan shall meet all of the following criteria:
1. The plan shall designate a transportation coordinator.
2. The plan shall describe a mechanism for regular distribution of alternate
mode transportation information to employees.
3. For employers that in any year meet or exceed annual regional targets for
travel reduction, the plan shall accurately and completely describe current and
planned travel reduction measures.
4. For employers that, in any year, fall below the regional targets for travel
reduction, the plan shall include commitments to implement:
(a) At least two specific travel reduction measures in the first year of the
(b) At least three specific travel reduction measures in the second year of the
D. After the second year, the task force shall review the travel reduction
programs for employers not meeting regional targets and may recommend additional
E. Employers shall implement all travel reduction measures they consider
necessary to attain the following reduction in the proportion of employees
commuting by single occupancy vehicles or commuter trip vehicle miles travel
reductions per regulated work site:
1. Five per cent reduction in the proportion of employees commuting by single
occupancy vehicles as determined in the annual survey in the first year, except
that in area A the reduction shall be ten per cent.
2. In the second, third, fourth and fifth years, an additional five per cent
reduction in the proportion of employees commuting by single occupancy vehicles
as determined in the annual survey, except that in area A the reduction shall be
ten per cent. If the percentage of employees commuting in single occupancy
vehicles is sixty per cent or less, additional reductions are not required.
F. Notwithstanding any other requirements, a major employer may be in compliance
with the requirements of subsections A, C and E of this section by submitting a
plan that demonstrates achievement of emissions reductions equivalent to those
that would have been obtained through compliance with the requirements of
subsection E of this section. Emissions reductions achieved for the purpose of
compliance with this subsection shall be in addition to any other emissions
reductions that are otherwise required by law, rule, ordinance or permit. The
plan may contain any of the following measures to achieve emissions reductions:
1. Voluntary polluting vehicle trade-outs only if both of the following
conditions are met:
(a) Vehicles are not crushed.
(b) The program applies only to vehicles owned by the major employer or its
2. Use of clean on-road vehicles.
3. Use of clean off-road mobile equipment.
4. Remote sensing.
5. Other mobile source emissions reductions.
6. Emissions reductions from stationary sources.
7. Peak commute trip reductions.
8. Other work-related trip reductions.
9. Vehicle miles traveled reduction programs.
10. Fuel additives which have been shown to reduce hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide
or particulate matter emissions of significant polluting on-road vehicles,
off-road mobile sources or area sources by twenty per cent or more.
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Conn. Gen. Stat. § 5-248i
Sec. 5-248i. Telecommuting and
(a) The Commissioner of Administrative Services may develop and implement guidelines,
in cooperation with interested employee organizations, as defined in subsection (d) of section 5-270, authorizing telecommuting and work-at-home programs for
state employees where such arrangements are determined to be cost effective.
(b) Any employee of a state agency may be authorized to participate in a telecommuting or work-at-home assignment with the approval of his
appointing authority and with the approval of the Commissioner of Administrative Services.
Approval of such assignment may be granted only where it is determined to be cost effective. Any assignment shall be on a temporary basis only, for a period
not to exceed six months and may be extended as necessary.
(c) The Commissioner of Administrative Services shall report annually to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of
matters relating to labor and public employees as to the extent of use by employees as provided pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section.
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TITLE X PUBLIC OFFICERS,
EMPLOYEES, AND RECORDS
CHAPTER 110 STATE EMPLOYMENT
PART I GENERAL STATE EMPLOYMENT PROVISIONS
Fla. Stat. § 110.171 (1999)
110.171 State employee telecommuting
used in this section, the term:
(a) "Agency" means
any official, officer, commission, board, authority, council, committee, or
department of state government.
means the Department of Management Services.
"Telecommuting" means a work arrangement whereby selected state
employees are allowed to perform the normal duties and responsibilities of their
positions, through the use of computers or telecommunications, at home or
another place apart from the employees' usual place of work.
(2) The department shall:
(a) Establish and coordinate
the state employee telecommuting program and administer this section.
(b) Appoint a statewide
telecommuting coordinator to provide technical assistance to state agencies and
to promote telecommuting in state government.
(c) Identify state employees
who are participating in a telecommuting program and their job classifications
through the state personnel payroll information subsystem created under s.
(3) By October 1, 1994, each
state agency shall identify and maintain a current listing of the job
classifications and positions that the agency considers appropriate for
telecommuting. Agencies that adopt a state employee telecommuting program must:
(a) Give equal consideration
to career service and exempt positions in their selection of employees to
participate in the telecommuting program.
(b) Provide that an
employee's participation in a telecommuting program will not adversely affect
eligibility for advancement or any other employment rights or benefits.
(c) Provide that
participation by an employee in a telecommuting program is voluntary, and that
the employee may elect to cease to participate in a telecommuting program at any
(d) Adopt provisions to
allow for the termination of an employee's participation in the program if the
employee's continued participation would not be in the best interests of the
(e) Provide that an employee
is not currently under a performance improvement plan in order to participate in
(f) Ensure that employees
participating in the program are subject to the same rules regarding attendance,
leave, performance reviews, and separation action as are other employees.
(g) Establish the reasonable
conditions that the agency plans to impose in order to ensure the appropriate
use and maintenance of any equipment or items provided for use at a
participating employee's home or other place apart from the employee's usual
place of work, including the installation and maintenance of any telephone
equipment and ongoing communications costs at the telecommuting site which is to
be used for official use only.
(h) Prohibit state
maintenance of an employee's personal equipment used in telecommuting, including
any liability for personal equipment and costs for personal utility expenses
associated with telecommuting.
(i) Describe the security
controls that the agency considers appropriate.
(j) Provide that employees
are covered by workers' compensation under chapter 440, when performing official
duties at an alternate worksite, such as the home.
(k) Prohibit employees
engaged in a telecommuting program from conducting face-to-face state business
at the homesite.
(l) Require a written
agreement that specifies the terms and conditions of telecommuting, which
includes verification by the employee that the home office provides work space
that is free of safety and fire hazards, together with an agreement which holds
the state harmless against any and all claims, excluding workers' compensation
claims, resulting from an employee working in the home office, and which must be
signed and agreed to by the telecommuter and the supervisor.
HISTORY: ss. 2, 8, ch.
90-291; s. 29, ch. 92-279; s. 55, ch. 92-326; ss. 1, 3, ch. 94-113; s. 10, ch.
96-399; s. 1, ch. 98-31.
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TITLE 43. TRANSPORTATION
GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE
ARTICLE 1. GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE
PART 12. PUBLIC-PRIVATE INITIATIVES PROGRAM
C.R.S. 43-1-1202 (1999)
43-1-1202. Department powers. (1)
Notwithstanding any other law, the department may:
(a) Solicit and consider proposals, enter into agreements, grant benefits, and
accept contributions for public-private initiatives pursuant to this part 12
concerning any of the following:
(I) Use of advanced transportation technologies for traveler information
(II) Systems for road weather information, safety warning, advanced traffic
management, information broadcasting, real-time transit information, route
finding and vehicle navigation, and collision avoidance;
(III) Hazardous and nonhazardous incident detection, response, and removal and
facilitation of emergency medical response;
(IV) Promotion of private investment in traffic operations centers, use of
telecommunications, use of telecommuting to reduce transportation demand,
conversion of defense technologies to civilian transportation uses, operational
efficiency on urban and rural roads, and electronic payment for transportation
(V) Voluntary emissions testing and mitigation;
(VI) Ride matching and reservation in support of demand management;
(VII) Safety monitoring systems;
(VIII) Commercial fleet management and electronic clearance of ports of entry;
(IX) Development of national standards and protocols for intelligent
(X) Design, financing, construction, operation, maintenance, and improvement of
turnpike projects within the state pursuant to part 2 of article 3 of this
(XI) The specific information and tourist-oriented directional sign programs
authorized in section 43-1-420. The department may provide by contract for
private businesses to pay a reasonable fee to the department to reflect the cost
of the use of highway rights-of-way and the department's costs of administering
(XII) Codevelopment of transportation transfer facilities, as defined in section
43-1-1501 (3), including transfer facilities that provide retail goods and
services by private entities; and
(XIII) Design, financing, construction, operation, maintenance, or improvement
of a high occupancy toll lane described in section 42-4-1012 (1), C.R.S.
(b) Solicit proposals for public-private initiatives as competitive sealed
proposals pursuant to section 24-103-203, C.R.S.;
(c) Consider and accept unsolicited proposals pursuant to section 43-1-1203;
(d) Grant a public benefit in or concerning a transportation system project in
exchange for a private contribution to that project, but the term of any lease,
easement, or franchise granted by the department as a public benefit under this
part 12 shall:
(I) Reasonably relate to the value of the private contribution as determined by
the department; and
(II) Not exceed ninety-nine years;
(e) Accept a private contribution to a transportation system project;
(f) Exercise any power of the department authorized by law to facilitate the
development and performance of public-private initiatives.
(2) Services shall not be provided under this part 12 unless they are consistent
and compatible with the use and zoning of the land adjacent to the right-of-way.
(3) Retail goods and services shall not be authorized under this part 12. This
subsection (3) shall not prohibit:
(a) Retail goods and services existing on April 17, 1995;
(b) Any vending facilities defined in section 26-8.5-101, C.R.S.;
(c) The provision of retail goods and services at transfer facilities authorized
under part 15 of this article.
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TITLE 24. GOVERNMENT - STATE
ARTICLE 79. LIMITATIONS ON SOURCES OF REVENUE
C.R.S. 24-79-101 (1999)
24-79-101. Legislative declaration. (1) The general assembly finds, determines,
and declares that:
(a) Free and unfettered access by Colorado's citizens to national and global
communications media, including, without limitation, the internet, is essential
to citizen participation in state and national affairs through the exchange of
information and the continued vitality of commerce at the state, national, and
(b) Colorado's long-term economic health and competitiveness vis-à-vis the
economies of other states and nations, including the benefits of full employment
and the attraction of new businesses that may wish to locate here, depend on
creating a business environment that is conducive to the continued growth of
commerce via the internet and on-line services;
(c) A patchwork of local fees and taxes, or the addition of state fees and taxes
to those already imposed on business activity, will tend to discourage new
investment, reduce the number of jobs available in the state, and dissuade
consumers and employers from enjoying the economic, social, and environmental
benefits offered by use of the internet, including but not limited to
telecommuting, just-in-time inventory control, and advance reservation of goods
(d) The cost of forgoing these benefits, even partially and even at a local
level, will be borne by all citizens of the state in the form of increased
traffic congestion, air pollution, a lower quality of life, and lost time and
productivity. Therefore, this act addresses a matter of statewide concern.
(e) Until pending federal legislation resolves issues involving electronic
commerce, including whether, and to what extent, state and local taxation of
internet access services will further the interests of all participants in the
national economy, including the citizens of Colorado, a moratorium of at least
three years is appropriate on the imposition of such charges, consistent with
the pending national plan.
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ILLINOIS - Vehicle Trip Reduction
Voluntary Employee Commute Options
Emission Reduction Credit Act
625 ILCS 33/
(625 ILCS 33/1)
Sec. 1. Short title. This Act
may be cited as the Voluntary Employee Commute Options Emission Reduction Credit Act.
(625 ILCS 33/5)
Sec. 5. Purpose. It is the purpose of this Act
to provide owners with the opportunity to implement voluntary employee
commute options programs. These programs would enable the owners to
obtain emission reductions that are creditable toward the level of emission
reductions required under the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of
1990 for the post-1996 period, including emission reductions required under
Section 9.8 of the Environmental Protection Act.
(625 ILCS 33/10)
Sec. 10. Definitions. For purposes of this Act:
"Agency" means the Environmental Protection Agency.
"Department" means the Illinois Department of
employers in the Chicago,
Illinois ozone nonattainment area who operate stationary sources that are
subject to emission reduction requirements for the post-1996 period under the Clean
Air Act Amendments of 1990.
(625 ILCS 33/15)
Sec. 15. Voluntary Employee Commute Options
Program. Owners may implement voluntary programs to encourage the use of
carpooling, mass transit, vanpooling, telecommuting, compressed work weeks,
clean fuel vehicles, and other measures that either reduce the number of commuting
trips by their employees or reduce the emissions associated with
those commuting trips for the purpose of creating emission reduction
credits that may be used by the owners of stationary sources to
satisfy the post-1996 emission reduction requirements under
the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990.
(625 ILCS 33/20)
Sec. 20. Submission of programs and awarding
of credits. Owners may submit voluntary programs as described
in Section 15 to the Department for approval. The Department, after consultation
with the Agency, shall determine the appropriate emission reduction credit to be
awarded to owners who carry out their programs and to be used
by the owners of stationary sources to satisfy the post-1996 emission reduction
requirements under the Clean Air Act
Amendments of 1990. Emission reduction credits shall not be awarded to owners for programs that
are required under the Clean Air Act or the Environmental Protection Act or
that are substantially the same as an owner's employees' existing level of use of employee commute options
programs. The Department shall adjust credits to avoid duplicating the credits the
State takes for similar transportation demand management practices under the
applicable State Implementation Plan. Credits may be
revoked for failure to achieve the reductions called for in the owner's voluntary program.
(625 ILCS 33/25)
Sec. 25. Voluntary compliance. Within 30 days
after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1996, the State of Illinois shall notify
the United States Environmental Protection Agency to remove the mandated Employee Commute Options requirement from the State Implementation Plan
for ozone. The State of Illinois shall also notify the
United States Environmental Protection Agency that emissions reductions achieved from
voluntary implementation of the Voluntary
Employee Commute Options Emission Reduction Credit Act by an owner are creditable
toward the level of emission reductions required under other post-1996
stationary source emission reduction programs.
(625 ILCS 33/30)
Sec. 30. Rules. The Department is authorized to
adopt rules that may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act.
(625 ILCS 33/35)
Sec. 35. Review under Administrative Review Law;
venue. An owner who does not agree with the credit awarded for his or her program, whose
program is disapproved, or whose credit is revoked may seek relief under the Administrative Review Law, as amended now or
hereafter, and the rules adopted pursuant to that Law.
Those proceedings for judicial
review of final administrative decisions of the Department under this Act shall be commenced
in the Appellate Court in the District in which the party applying for
review resides, but if the party is not a resident of this State,
the venue shall be the Fourth Appellate District.
(625 ILCS 33/40)
Sec. 40. The State Finance Act is
amended by repealing Section 5.354.
(625 ILCS 33/45)
Sec. 45. The Employee Commute Options Act is repealed.
(625 ILCS 33/50)
Sec. 50. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
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Chapter Title: OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY
16E.05 Government information access.
Subdivision 1. Duties. The office, in
consultation with interested persons, shall:
(1) coordinate statewide efforts by
units of state and local government to plan for and develop a system for providing
access to government services;
(2) make recommendations to facilitate
coordination and assistance of demonstration projects; and
(3) explore ways and means to improve
citizen and business access to public services, including implementation of technological improvements.
Subd. 2. Approval of state agency
initiatives. A state agency shall coordinate with the office when implementing a new initiative for providing electronic access to state
Subd. 3. Capital investment. No state
agency may propose or implement a capital investment plan for a state office building unless:
(1) the agency has developed a plan for
increasing telecommuting by employees who would normally work in the building, or the agency has prepared a statement describing why
such a plan is not practicable; and
(2) the plan or statement has been
reviewed by the office.
HIST: 1997 c 202 art 3 s 11
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Need to INSERT
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Old Age Assistance, Aid to Dependent Children and General Relief
Telecommuting employment options, office
of administration, division of personnel, duties.
208.339. The office of administration, division of personnel, shall explore
telecommuting employment options for aid to families with dependent children
(L. 1994 H.B. 1547 & 961 § 5)
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relative to travel demand management
3. As used in this amendatory and supplementary act:
"Alternative means of
commuting" means travel between a person's place of residence and place of
employment or termini near those places, other than in a motor vehicle occupied
by one person. Alternative means of commuting include, but are not limited to,
public transportation, car pools, van pools, bus pools, ferries, bicycling,
telecommuting and walking, which may be used in conjunction with such strategies
as flextime, staggered work hours, compressed work weeks and like measures.
"Clean Air Act" means
the federal Clean Air Act, as amended by Pub.L.101-549 (42 U.S.C. s. 7401 et
seq.) and as subsequently amended or supplemented.
"Commissioner" means the
Commissioner of Transportation.
benefit" means the cost to employers of providing benefits to an employee
for utilizing an alternative means of commuting and the cost of providing
services and facilities which would encourage or facilitate use by employees of
alternative means of commuting. The benefit shall include the costs of
parking by employees at park-and-ride lots.
"Department" means the
New Jersey Department of Transportation.
"Employee" means an
employee hired or employed by the employer and who reports to the employer's
work location, as specified by regulation of the department.
"Employer" means any
person, partnership, association, corporation, trust, legal representative or
any organized group of persons which hires or employs employees and shall also
include all public and quasi-public employers, including without limitation the
United States and any of its governmental instrumentalities, the State of New
Jersey and its instrumentalities and subdivisions, and all State and bi-State
authorities, corporations, commissions, boards and like bodies.
"Program" means the
Travel Demand Management Program established pursuant to section 5 of P.L.1992,
c.32 (C.27:26A-5) and continued pursuant to P.L.1996, c.121 (C.27:26A-4.1 et
association" or "TMA" means a nonprofit corporation approved by
the department as coordinating transportation services, including but not
limited to public transportation, van pools, car pools, bicycling and pedestrian
modes, as well as strategies such as flex time, staggered work hours, and
compressed work weeks, for corporations, employees, developers, individuals and
management" or "TDM" means a system of actions whose purpose is
to alleviate traffic-related problems through improved management of vehicle
trip demand. These actions, which are primarily directed at commuter
travel, are structured to reduce the dependence on and use of single occupancy
vehicles, or to alter the timing of travel to other, less congested time periods
L.1992,c.32,s.3; amended 1996,
27:26A-4. Analysis of
data, development of strategy
4. a. To the
end that the problems of traffic congestion and its attendant economic, social
and environmental costs and effects shall be dealt with in a comprehensive
manner, the department shall analyze already existing data related to
commutation patterns, including origin-destination data; and shall engage in or
analyze comprehensive traffic congestion studies in order to provide for a more
complete and detailed picture of the level and sources of congestion on State
highways, county and municipal roads, as well as toll bridges and toll
upon this analysis or study, the department shall develop a comprehensive
strategy of transportation control measures to deal with congestion and air
pollution problems in the State, including but not limited to placing special
emphasis on the completion of "missing links" in the State highway
system, use of high occupancy vehicle lanes, priority treatment of high
occupancy vehicles, the adoption of traffic system management, such as improved
signage, synchronization of traffic lights, resurfacing of highway pavements,
the use of "intelligent vehicle" highways, the maximum possible use of
public transportation and other appropriate measures to facilitate the smooth
flow of traffic in the State. No high occupancy vehicle lanes shall be
established on a highway unless public transit alternatives are evaluated and
marketed for that highway.
27:26A-4.1. Submission of revision
of State Implementation Plan
1. As authorized by Section 182(d)(1) of the Clean Air Act as amended by
Pub.L.104-70, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection shall submit a
revision of the State Implementation Plan submitted to the Environmental
Protection Agency pursuant to the Clean Air Act removing provisions of the State
Implementation Plan requiring employers to reduce work-related vehicle trips and
miles traveled by employees.
27:26A-4.2. Compliance with Clean
Air Act; rules, regulations; report
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N.C. Gen. Stat. § 143-215.107C (1999)
§ 143-215.107C. State agency goals,
plans, duties, and reports
(a) As used in this
section, alternative-fueled vehicle means a motor vehicle capable of operating
on electricity; natural gas; propane; hydrogen; reformulated gasoline; ethanol;
other alcohol fuels, separately or in mixtures of eighty-five percent (85%) or
more of alcohol by volume; or fuels, other than alcohol, derived from biological
materials. For purposes of this section, a vehicle that has been converted to
operate on a fuel other than the fuel for which it was originally designed is
not a new or replacement vehicle.
(b) It shall be the goal of the State
that on and after 1 January 2004 at least seventy-five percent (75%) of the new
or replacement light duty cars and trucks purchased by the State will be
alternative-fueled vehicles or low emission vehicles. The Department of
Administration, the Department of Transportation, and the Department of
Environment and Natural Resources shall jointly develop a plan to achieve this
goal and to fuel and maintain these vehicles. The Department of Administration
shall report on progress in developing and implementing this plan and achieving
this goal to the Environmental Review Commission on 1 September of each year
beginning 1 September 2000. For purposes of this section, a light duty car or
truck is one that is rated at 8,500 pounds or less Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
(c) The Department of Environment and
Natural Resources shall report on progress in increasing the use of
alternative-fueled and low emission light duty cars and trucks in privately
owned fleets to the Environmental Review Commission on or before 1 October of
each year beginning 1 October 2001.
(d) The Department of Administration,
the Office of State Personnel, the Department of Transportation, and the
Department of Environment and Natural Resources shall jointly develop and
periodically update a plan to reduce vehicle miles traveled by State employees
and vehicle emissions resulting from job-related travel, including commuting to
and from work. The plan shall consider the use of carpooling, vanpooling, public
transportation, incentives, and other appropriate strategies. The Office of
State Personnel shall report on the development and implementation of the plan
to the Joint Legislative Transportation Oversight Committee and the
Environmental Review Commission on or before 1 October of each year beginning 1
(e) The Department of Transportation,
the Department of Commerce, and the Department of Environment and Natural
Resources shall jointly develop and periodically update a plan to reduce vehicle
miles traveled by private sector employees and vehicle emissions resulting from
job-related travel, including commuting to and from work. The plan shall
consider the use of incentives for both private sector employees and employers,
carpooling, vanpooling, public transportation, and other appropriate strategies.
The Department of Transportation shall report on the development and
implementation of the plan to the Joint Legislative Transportation Oversight
Committee and the Environmental Review Commission on or before 1 October of each
year beginning 1 October 2000.
(f) The Office of State Personnel shall
implement a policy that promotes telework/telecommuting for State employees as
recommended by the report of the State Auditor entitled "Establishing a
Formal Telework/Telecommuting Program for State Employees" and dated
October 1997. It shall be the goal of the State to reduce State employee vehicle
miles traveled in commuting by twenty percent (20%) without reducing total work
hours or productivity. The Office of State Personnel shall report on progress in
implementing this section to the Environmental Review Commission on or before 1
October of each year beginning 1 October 2000.
HISTORY: 1999-328, ss. 4.1, 4.2, 4.5,
4.6, 4.7, 4.8.
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TITLE 26. PUBLIC FACILITIES, PURCHASING, PRINTING; ECONOMIC
CHAPTER 283. INTERAGENCY SERVICES
ORS § 283.550 (1997)
283.550. Telecommuting; state policy;
agencies to adopt written policies; biennial report.
(1) As used in this
(a) "State agency" means any
state office, department, division, bureau, board and commission, whether in the
executive, legislative or judicial branch.
(b) "Telecommute" means to
work from the employee's home or from an office near the employee's home, rather
than from the principal place of employment.
(2) It is the policy of the State of
Oregon to encourage state agencies to allow employees to telecommute when there
are opportunities for improved employee performance, reduced commuting miles or
(3) Each state agency shall adopt a
written policy that:
(a) Defines specific criteria and
procedures for telecommuting;
(b) Is applied consistently throughout
the agency; and
(c) Requires the agency, in exercising
its discretion, to consider an employee request to telecommute in relation to
the agency's operating and customer needs.
(4) Each state agency that has an
electronic bulletin board, home page or similar means of communication shall
post the policy adopted under subsection (3) of this section on the bulletin
board, home page or similar site.
(5) The Oregon Department of
Administrative Services, in consultation with the Office of Energy, shall
provide a biennial report to the Joint Committee on Technology, or a similar
committee of the Legislative Assembly, containing at least the following:
(a) The number of employees
(b) The number of trips, miles and hours
of travel time saved annually;
(c) A summary of efforts made by the
state agency to promote and encourage telecommuting;
(d) An evaluation of the effectiveness
of efforts to encourage employees to telecommute; and
(e) Such other matters as may be
requested by the committee.
HISTORY: 1997 c.311 :S.1
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HOUSE BILL 2665
1999 Ore. ALS 329; 1999 Ore. Laws 329;
1999 Ore. HB 2665
SYNOPSIS: AN ACT Relating to One and Two
Family Dwelling Code. Whereas it is the policy of the State of Oregon to
encourage employees of this state to telecommute when opportunities exist for
improved employee performance, reduced commuting miles and agency savings; and
Whereas telecommuting programs boost productivity, reduce office and real estate
costs, provide employee flexibility to balance work and home life and help
employers recruit valuable staff; and Whereas the Office of Energy actively
promotes telecommuting in Oregon because it conserves fuel, relieves traffic
congestion, improves air quality and provides economic opportunities for
Oregonians regardless of geographic location; and Whereas there is increased
demand for additional residential telephone lines to facilitate the use of
telecommunications services in the home; and Whereas the Seventieth Legislative
Assembly finds that policies encouraging telecommuting are beneficial to our
state; now, therefore,
Be It Enacted by the People of the State of Oregon:
[*1] SECTION 1. [SECTION 2 OF THIS 1999 ACT IS ADDED TO AND MADE A PART OF ORS CHAPTER 455.]
[*2] SECTION 2. [THE
DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMER AND BUSINESS SERVICES SHALL CONDUCT A
REVIEW OF THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN COMMUNICATIONS AND CABLE SERVICE
TECHNOLOGY. BASED ON THE RESULTS OF THE REVIEW, THE DIRECTOR SHALL ADOPT, AMEND
OR REPEAL THE STATE BUILDING CODE AS NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH VIABLE STANDARDS FOR
PROVIDING ADVANCED TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND CABLE SERVICE TECHNOLOGY TO NEWLY
CONSTRUCTED ONE AND TWO FAMILY DWELLINGS.]
HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE
TITLE 5. SANITATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
SUBTITLE C. AIR QUALITY
CHAPTER 382. CLEAN AIR ACT
SUBCHAPTER C. PERMITS
Tex. Health & Safety Code §
§ 382.05193. Emissions Permits
Through Emissions Reduction
(a) The commission may
issue a permit under Section 382.0519 for a facility:
(1) that makes a good faith
effort to make equipment improvements and emissions reductions necessary to meet the requirements of that
(2) that, in spite of the
effort, cannot reduce the facility's
emissions to the degree necessary for the issuance of the permit;
(3) the owner or operator
of which acquires a sufficient number of emissions reduction credits to offset the facility's excessive
emissions under the program established under Subsection (b).
(b) The commission by rule
shall establish a program to grant emissions reduction credits to a facility if
the owner or operator conducts an emissions reduction project to offset the
facility's excessive emissions. To be eligible for a credit to offset a
facility's emissions, the emissions reduction project must reduce emissions in
the airshed, as defined by commission rule, in which the facility is located.
(c) The commission by rule
shall provide that an emissions reduction project must reduce net emissions from
one or more sources in this state in an amount and type sufficient to prevent
air pollution to a degree comparable to the amount of the reduction in the
facility's emissions that would be necessary to meet the permit requirement.
Qualifying emissions reduction projects must include:
(1) generation of electric
energy by a low-emission method, including:
(A) wind power;
gasification power; and
(2) the purchase and
destruction of high-emission automobiles or other mobile sources;
(3) the reduction of
emissions from a permitted facility that emits air contaminants to a level significantly below the levels necessary to
comply with the facility's permit;
(4) a carpooling or
alternative transportation program for the owner's or operator's employees;
(5) a telecommuting program
for the owner's or operator's employees; and
(6) conversion of a motor
vehicle fleet operated by the owner or operator to a low-sulphur fuel or an alternative fuel approved by
(d) A permit issued under
Section 382.0519 for a facility participating in the program established under
this section must be conditioned on the successful and timely completion of the
project or projects for which the facility owner or operator acquires the
(e) To renew the permit of
a facility permitted under Section 382.0519 with credits acquired under the
program established under this section, the commission shall require the owner
or operator of the facility to have:
(1) made equipment
improvements and emissions reductions necessary to meet the permit requirements under that section for a new permit;
(2) acquired additional
credits under the program as necessary to meet the permit requirements under that section for a new permit.
(f) Emissions reduction
credits acquired under the program established under this section are not transferable.
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TITLE 28B. HIGHER
CHAPTER 28B.130. TRANSPORTATION DEMAND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS
Rev. Code Wash. (ARCW) § 28B.130.005
§ 28B.130.005. Findings -- Intent
management strategies that reduce the number of vehicles on Washington state's
highways, roads, and streets, and provide attractive and effective alternatives
to single-occupancy travel, can improve ambient air quality, conserve fossil
fuels, and forestall the need for capital improvements to the state's
transportation system. The legislature has required many public and private
employers in the state's largest counties to implement transportation demand
management programs to reduce the number of single-occupant vehicle travelers
during the morning and evening rush hours, and has provided substantial funding
for the University of Washington's UPASS program, which has been immensely
successful in its first two years of implementation. The legislature finds that
additional transportation demand management strategies are required to mitigate
the adverse social, environmental, and economic effects of auto dependency and
traffic congestion. While expensive capital improvements, including dedicated
busways and commuter rail systems, may be necessary to improve the region's
mobility, they are only part of the solution. All public and private entities
that attract single-occupant vehicle drivers must develop imaginative and
cost-effective ways to encourage walking, bicycling, carpooling, vanpooling, bus
riding, and telecommuting. It is the intent of the legislature to revise those
portions of state law that inhibit the application of imaginative solutions to
the state's transportation mobility problems, and to encourage many more public
and private institutions of higher learning to adopt effective transportation
demand management strategies.
The legislature finds
further that many of the institutions of higher education in the state's largest
counties are responsible for significant numbers of single-occupant vehicle
trips to and from their campuses. These single-occupant vehicle trips are not
only contributing to the degradation of the state's environment and
deterioration of its transportation system, but are also usurping parking spaces
from surrounding residential communities because existing parking facilities
cannot accommodate students' current demand. Therefore, it is the intent of the
legislature to permit these institutions to develop and fund transportation
demand management programs that reduce single-occupant vehicle travel and
promote alternatives to single-occupant vehicle driving. The legislature
encourages institutions of higher education to include faculty and staff in
their transportation demand management programs.
HISTORY: 1993 c 447 § 1.
TITLE 28B. HIGHER
CHAPTER 28B.130. TRANSPORTATION DEMAND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS
Rev. Code Wash. (ARCW) § 28B.130.030
§ 28B.130.030. Use of transportation
Transportation fees shall
be spent only on activities directly related to the institution of higher
education's transportation demand management program. These may include, but are
not limited to the following activities: Transit, carpool, and vanpool
subsidies; ridesharing programs, and program advertising for carpools, vanpools,
and transit service; guaranteed ride-home and telecommuting programs; and
bicycle storage facilities. Funds may be spent on capital or operating costs
incurred in the implementation of any of these strategies, and may be also used
to contract with local or regional transit agencies for transportation services.
Funds may be used for existing programs if they are incorporated into the campus
transportation demand management program.
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TITLE 82. EXCISE TAXES
CHAPTER 82.04. BUSINESS AND OCCUPATION TAX
Rev. Code Wash. (ARCW) § 82.04.4453
§ 82.04.4453. Credit -- Ride-sharing,
public transportation, or nonmotorized commuting incentives -- Penalty -- Report
to legislature. (Expires December 31, 2000.)
(1) (a) Employers in this
state who are taxable under this chapter and provide financial incentives to
their employees for ride sharing, for using public transportation, or for using
nonmotorized commuting before June 30, 2006, shall be allowed a credit for
amounts paid to or on behalf of employees for ride sharing in vehicles carrying
two or more persons, for using public transportation, or for using nonmotorized
commuting, not to exceed sixty dollars per employee per year. The credit shall
be equal to the amount paid to or on behalf of each employee multiplied by fifty
percent, but may not exceed sixty dollars per employee per year.
(b) Property managers who
are taxable under this chapter and provide financial incentives to persons
employed at a worksite managed by the property manager in this state for ride
sharing, for using public transportation, or for using nonmotorized commuting
before June 30, 2006, shall be allowed a credit for amounts paid to or on behalf
of these persons for ride sharing in vehicles carrying two or more persons, for
using public transportation, or for using nonmotorized commuting, not to exceed
sixty dollars per person per year. A person may not take a credit under this
section for amounts claimed for credit by other persons.
(c) For ride sharing in
vehicles carrying two persons, the credit shall be equal to the amount paid to
or on behalf of each employee multiplied by thirty percent, but may not exceed
sixty dollars per employee per year. The credit may not exceed the amount of tax
that would otherwise be due under this chapter.
(2) Application for tax credit under
this chapter may only be made in the form and manner prescribed in rules adopted
by the department.
(3) The credit shall be taken not more
than once quarterly and not less than once annually against taxes due for the
same calendar year in which the amounts for which credit is claimed were paid to
or on behalf of employees for ride sharing, for using public transportation, or
for using nonmotorized commuting and must be claimed by the due date of the last
tax return for the calendar year in which the payment is made.
(4) The director shall on the 25th of
February, May, August, and November of each year advise the state treasurer of
the amount of credit taken during the preceding calendar quarter ending on the
last day of December, March, June, and September, respectively.
(5) On the first of April, July,
October, and January of each year, the state treasurer based upon information
provided by the department shall deposit to the general fund a sum equal to the
dollar amount of the credit provided under subsection (1) of this section from
the air pollution control account, the transportation account, and the public
transportation systems account. The first draw on reimbursements to the general
fund must be from the air pollution control account, and reimbursements must not
exceed one and one-half million dollars in any calendar year for the tax credits
claimed under RCW 82.04.4453 and 82.16.048. Reimbursements to the general fund
in excess of that amount drawn from the air pollution control account must be
drawn, subject to appropriation, in equal amounts from the transportation
account and the public transportation systems account; but in no case may those
amounts exceed three hundred seventy-five thousand dollars from each account in
any calendar year.
(6) The commute trip reduction task
force shall determine the effectiveness of this tax credit as part of its
ongoing evaluation of the commute trip reduction law and report to the
legislative transportation committee and to the fiscal committees of the house
of representatives and the senate. The report shall include information on the
amount of tax credits claimed to date and recommendations on future funding for
the tax credit program. The report shall be incorporated into the
recommendations required in RCW 70.94.537(5).
(7) Any person who knowingly makes a
false statement of a material fact in the application for a credit under
subsection (1) of this section is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(8) A person may not receive credit for
amounts paid to or on behalf of the same employee under both this section and
HISTORY: 1999 c 402 § 1; 1996 c 128 §
1; 1994 c 270 § 2.
EFFECTIVE DATE -- EXPIRATION DATE -- 1996 C 128: "(1) This act takes effect
July 1, 1996.
(2) This act expires December 31, 2000." [1996 c 128 § 7.]
FINDING -- 1994 C 270:
"Transportation demand strategies that reduce the number of vehicles on
Washington state's highways, roads, and streets, and provide attractive and
effective alternatives to single-occupancy travel can improve ambient air
quality, conserve fossil fuels, and forestall the need for capital improvements
to the state's transportation system. The legislature has required many public
and private employers in the state's largest counties to implement
transportation demand management programs to reduce the number of
single-occupant vehicle travelers during the morning and evening rush hours. The
legislature finds that additional transportation demand management strategies
are necessary to mitigate the adverse social, environmental, and economic
effects of automobile dependency and traffic congestion. While expensive capital
improvements, including dedicated busways and commuter rail systems, may be
necessary to improve the region's mobility, they are only part of the solution.
All public and private entities that attract single-occupant vehicle drivers
must develop imaginative and cost-effective ways to encourage walking,
bicycling, carpooling, vanpooling, bus riding, and telecommuting. It is the
intent of the legislature to revise those portions of state law that inhibit the
application of imaginative solutions to the state's transportation mobility
problems and to encourage many more public and private employers to adopt
effective transportation demand management strategies." [1994 c 270 § 1.]
EXPIRATION DATE -- 1994 C 270:
"This act shall expire December 31, 2000." [1996 c 128 § 6; 1994 c
270 § 6.]
EFFECT OF AMENDMENTS.
1999 c 402 § 1, effective July 25, 1999, rewrote (1) and (5); and
in (6), deleted "no later than December 1, 1997" following "law
and report" in the first sentence, and added the last sentence.