Parking Management Resources
Management Made Easy: A Guide to Taming the Downtown Parking Beast
Parking Guide "outlines a step-by-step process to identify
problems, undertake a parking study, analyze the results, and determine
the strategies to resolve the problem, including options for making
better use of the existing parking supply."
This guide tells you: • How
to analyze your downtown parking to see if you have a parking problem.
• How to analyze what, where, and when the problem(s) occur. • How
you can add to your parking supply through better management of the
total space that you currently have (not always the individual number of
Prepared for the Transportation
and Growth Management Program by the Oregon Downtown Development
Association, June, 2001. (12 page booklet)
Preferential Parking at Universities (HTML). Also available as a
Includes tables describing eligibility, designation, enforcement and
administration of carpool preferential parking at numerous universities.
Cash Out (PDF
- 241KB) (updated in 2007)
This briefing paper discusses the tax and other benefits
cash-out programs and helps employers identify when they
make sense. It also includes an implementation guide and
Sample Preferential Parking Rules and
The following sites link to policies and procedures for carpool and vanpool
parking for employees, most include sample forms or agreements.
(Responses to posting on Campus Parking Listserv):
Rideshare Scheme we sell 'Rideshare Permits' to individuals at half the
price of a normal permit. Rideshare Scheme participants then have to display
2 permits to park, whether in the area reserved for Ridesharers or in the
general area. This system seems free of abuse. It is possible, of course,
for non-ridesharers to work the system to get access to the preferential
parking spaces - but there is no evidence that anyone has cottoned on to
this idea yet and there is no financial benefit to be gained. We do not
require members of a car pool to register - they simply purchase the
Rideshare Permit over the counter like an ordinary permit - so it is easy to
administer. The system is simple and, as far as we can discover, foolproof.
The function of our Rideshare Office is simply to maintain a data base of
persons wishing to rideshare and enable them to find others travelling from
the same district at about the same time.
Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia
Jim Marsho, University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee
"We issue one
permit to the "pool". Other members may purchase one day permits
if they need to handle personal business or whatever keeps them out of the
pool for a specific day or days during a month. However, we are going to
try to stimulate car pool formation beginning this fall. We will still
issue one permit to the "pool" and members will need to handle
the logistics of who has it. However, we will be instituting a guaranteed
ride home program and also will be issuing a set number of one day permits
(at no charge) per month or per semester. Exactly how many freebies to
issue has not yet been established. My guess is one per month per car pool
member, but that is truly a guess.
Doug Holmes, Penn
Employee Parking in a Changing Market
King County Metro developed this handbook for use by employers who provide
parking for their employees.
Management and Supply Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes -
Transit Cooperative Research Program Report 95 Chapter 18. Transportation
Research Board. 2003
for Parking in Suburban Areas: Case Studies of Worksites in King County, Wash
Summary: An increasing
number of suburban employers are implementing employee parking fees. The fees
are motivated by a variety of factors, including trip reduction ordinances,
parking shortages and changes in worksite location. However, very little data
exists that would help a suburban employer start such a parking pricing program.
To assist employers in successfully implementing an employee parking fee,
Metro's Market Development section conducted a study of suburban employers in
King County, Washington that currently charge employees for parking.
The objectives of this
To develop a source
of information to assist suburban employers in implementing an employee
misconceptions held by suburban employers regarding employee parking
To outline effective
strategies for implementing an employee parking fee.
To document the
experiences of suburban employers that currently have an employee parking
fee, with one goal being to update this information in the future.
A total of seven
employers participated in this study. Interviews were conducted from September,
1994 through December, 1994. Each employer's parking fee had been in place at
least nine months; therefore, the full impact of the parking fees could be
assessed. The following are the major findings from this study:
The range of parking
fees is $5.00/month to $50.00/month, including surface, above ground and
below ground parking.
parking fee can ease parking shortages.
Only one of the
three unionized employers faced strong union opposition to the parking
In only one case
studied did employees have a strong negative reaction to the parking fee. In
three cases there was no reaction at all.
Five of the seven
employers in this study have met their 1995 Commute Trip Reduction (CTR)
goal which mandates a reduction of their SOV rate by 15% below the 1993 SOV
rate for the surrounding area.
This report analyzes
several issues that affect the success of a suburban employer's employee parking
fee, makes recommendations for other employers considering an employee parking
fee, and presents seven case studies of suburban employers that currently have
an employee parking fee.
Incentive: Eight Case Studies
Emissions from cars used by a single occupant for commuting to work are the
single largest contributor to poor air quality in many urban areas of the state.
Removing some of the incentives to drive alone could help improve air quality. A
1992 California law created a program known as "parking cash-out" that
eliminates subsidization of parking for solo drivers. In the present study,
parking cash-out programs used by eight firms were evaluated to determine their
effectiveness in encouraging the employees to switch from solo driving to using
carpools, public transit, or other air-quality-friendly transportation modes.
This study was performed by the University of California, Los Angeles for the
California Air Resources Board.
cash-out programs implemented, the average share of solo commute drivers
decreased from 76 percent to 63 percent, a 17 percent decrease. The reduction in
solo driving among the eight firms ranged from 4 to 29 percent. Carpooling
increased from 14 to 23 percent; transit ridership increased from six to nine
percent, and walking and bicycling increased from 2.3 to 3.4 percent. This shift
in mode of travel led to fewer vehicle trips and VMT, which were reduced by an
average of 11 and 12 percent, respectively, both with a range of five to 24
percent. The reduction in vehicle trips and VMT resulted in a reduction of
vehicle emissions of 12 percent, with a range of 5 to 24 percent for the eight
Handbooks and Guidance Materials for TDM Professionals
TDM and Telework Listservs