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National Center for Transit Research » Journal of Public Transportation

Reduced Fare Programs for Older Adults and Persons with Disabilities: A Peer Review of Policies

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Gregory L. Newmark A significant but understudied activity of transit agencies is managing reduced fare programs for older adults and people with disabilities. The laws that mandate these programs afford transit agencies substantial latitude in designing implementations. Although the resultant program variation offers an excellent opportunity for agencies to learn from each other’s experiences, there has been little comparative analysis. This paper addresses this knowledge gap by providing, for the first time, a systematic consideration of reduced fare policies at the major transit agencies in the 10 most populous metropolitan regions in the United States. This work combines the findings of a structured, open-ended survey with information gleaned from transit agency websites to identify the core components of a reduced … Read entire article »

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Optimizing Skip-Stop Rail Transit Stopping Strategy using a Genetic Algorithm

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Young-Jae Lee, Shaghayegh Shariat, & Keechoo Choi With skip-stop rail transit operation, transit agencies can reduce their operating costs and fleet size and passengers can experience reduced in-transit travel times without extra track and technological improvement. However, since skip-stop operation does not serve all stations, passengers for certain origins-destinations could experience increased access time, waiting time, total travel time, and/or transfer. Only when the stopping and skipping stations are carefully coordinated can skip-stop service benefit passengers and transit agencies. This research developed a mathematical model using a Genetic Algorithm that coordinated the stopping and skipping stations for skip-stop rail operation. Using the flexibility of a Genetic Algorithm, this model included many realistic conditions, such as different access modes, different stopping scenarios, … Read entire article »

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Measuring Bus Service Reliability: An Example of Bus Rapid Transit in Changzhou

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Yueying Huo, Jinhua Zhao, Wenquan Li, & Xiaojian Hu The objective of this paper is to analyze service reliability of bus rapid transit (BRT) taking Changzhou BRT as an example. Headway irregularity, potential waiting time, equivalent waiting time, and reliability buffer time are recommended to measure service reliability of BRT. Temporal and spatial distributions and comparisons are analyzed. Findings are that passengers of Changzhou BRT need to budget, on average, an extra 3–5 minutes beyond their typical journey time for selected origin-destination pairs to ensure on-time arrival at destinations with 95% probability. Extra time budgeted for bus waiting beyond mean waiting time contributes to more than 80 percent of extra time budgeted for a journey, while only 20 percent is budgeted … Read entire article »

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Light Rail and Land Use Change: Rail Transit’s Role in Reshaping and Revitalizing Cities

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Christopher D. Higgins, Mark R. Ferguson, & Pavlos S. Kanaroglou Planners and policymakers often cite the tangible objective of land use change as a primary motivation and justification for an investment in light rail transit (LRT). But how has light rail performed with respect to achieving this goal? This paper reviews and synthesizes the previous literature on LRT and other rail rapid transit systems in North America, demonstrating that rail transit alone is not a primary driver of land use change and that six beneficial factors affect the ability of these systems to have a measurable impact on reshaping and revitalizing cities. View the full article or the entire Journal issue. … Read entire article »

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Commuter Mode Choice and Free Car Parking, Public Transportation Benefits, Showers/Lockers, and Bike Parking at Work: Evidence from the Washington, DC Region

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Andrea Hamre & Ralph Buehler Municipalities and employers in the U.S. attempt to reduce commuting by automobile through commuter benefits for riding public transportation, walking, or cycling. Many employers provide a combination of benefits, often including free car parking alongside benefits for public transportation, walking, and cycling. This study evaluates the relationship between commuter benefits and mode choice for the commute to work using revealed preference data on 4,630 regular commuters, including information about free car parking, public transportation benefits, showers/lockers, and bike parking at work in the Washington, DC region. Multinomial logistic regression results show that free car parking at work is related to more driving. Commuters offered either public transportation benefits, showers/lockers, or bike parking, but no free car … Read entire article »

Filed under: Journal of Public Transportation Abstracts