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Estimating Costs and Benefits of Emissions Reduction Strategies for Transit by Extending the TRIMMS Model

(Center Identification Number: 77932) This study details the development of a series of improvements to the Trip Reduction Impacts of Mobility Management Strategies (TRIMMS™) model. TRIMMS now estimates a wider range of emission pollutants and incorporates a new module that evaluates the impact of land use strategies on transit patronage. TRIMMS uses the emission inventory of the Environmental Protection Agency Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES2010a), which makes it suitable to run official State implementation air quality plan (SIP) and regional emissions analyses for transportation conformity purposes. This model enables the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), transit agencies, Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO) and local communities to conduct cost‐benefit assessments for most of the strategies identified in the FDOT‐sponsored Transit Ozone‐Reduction Strategies Toolbox, without the cost and expertise required by more sophisticated models. Download … Read entire article »

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Evaluation of Camera-Based Systems to Reduce Transit Bus Side Collisions-Phase II

(Center Identification Number: 77940) The sideview camera system has been shown to eliminate blind zones by providing a view to the driver in real time. In order to provide the best integration of these systems, an integrated camera-mirror system (hybrid system) was developed and tested. Traditional aftermarket systems utilize wide-angle cameras, which provide up to 100-degree horizontal field of view. The developed camera system had 65-degree horizontal view, which was adequate to cover the side blind zones. The initial system was tested in a controlled driving test with 29 drivers. The drivers used the system to drive the bus and identify objects placed around the bus. Comparison was performed with the mirrors only vs. the hybrid … Read entire article »

Evaluating the State of Mobility Management and Human Service Transportation Coordination

(Center Identification Number: 77060-NCTR-NDSU05) The Federal Transit Administration and its partners have worked to build a transportation coordination infrastructure to improve community mobility. Recent efforts at coordinating human services transportation have focused on mobility management, emphasizing the needs of customers and using the assets of a number of organizations. As a part of this study, an evaluation method was developed that can be used in communities across the country to examine the effectiveness of their mobility management and coordination programs. Results examine three key impacts: the impacts of services on meeting the needs of transportation-disadvantaged populations, the impacts of improved mobility on quality of life, and the impacts of mobility management and coordination efforts on meeting … Read entire article »

A Transit-Based Evacuation Model for Metropolitan Areas

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 3 (2014) by Xin Zhang and Gang-len Chang This paper develops a decision-support model for transit-based evacuation planning occurring in metropolitan areas. The model consists of two modules executed in a sequential manner: the first deals with determining pick-up locations from candidate locations based on the spatial distribution of the evacuees, and the second plans for the route and schedule for each transit vehicle based on vehicle availability and evacuee demand pattern. An overlapping clustering algorithm is first adopted in allocating the demands to several nearby clusters. Then, an optimization model is proposed to allocate available buses from the depots to transport the assembled evacuees between the pick-up locations and … Read entire article »

Intelligent Taxi Dispatch System for Advance Reservations

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 3 (2014) by Hao Wang, Ruey Long Cheu, and Der-Horng Lee This research proposes and tests a new taxi dispatch policy to improve the existing systems used by taxi companies in Singapore. The proposed method chains trips made by reservations at least 30 minutes before the customer pick-up times. In this paper, the taxi dispatching system, Singapore Taxi Advance Reservation (STAR), is defined. A novel trip-chaining strategy based on a customized algorithm of Pickup and Delivery Problem with Time Window (PDPTW) is proposed. The idea is to chain several taxi trips with demand time points that are spread out within a reasonable period of time and with each pick-up … Read entire article »