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Improving Veteran Mobility in Small Urban & Rural Areas

(Center Identification Number: 77060-NCTR-NDSU02) The need for veteran transportation is growing rapidly because of the increasing number of older veterans as well as the numerous injured service men and women returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Currently, for every fatality in Iraq, there are 16 wounded or injured soldiers. This represents an injury rate five times greater than during the Vietnam War. Thirty percent of veterans live in rural areas that often present transportation challenges. Many veterans in rural areas must travel extremely long distances to receive medical care, and veterans living in rural areas are reported to be in poorer health than veterans living in urban areas. The objective of this study was to identify veterans with mobility needs currently living in rural Minnesota, Montana, and North Dakota, and to quantify the … Read entire article »


Reduced Fare Programs for Older Adults and Persons with Disabilities: A Peer Review of Policies

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Gregory L. Newmark A significant but understudied activity of transit agencies is managing reduced fare programs for older adults and people with disabilities. The laws that mandate these programs afford transit agencies substantial latitude in designing implementations. Although the resultant program variation offers an excellent opportunity for agencies to learn from each other’s experiences, there has been little comparative analysis. This paper addresses this knowledge gap by providing, for the first time, a systematic consideration of reduced fare policies at the major transit agencies in the 10 most populous metropolitan regions in the United States. This work combines the findings of a structured, open-ended survey … Read entire article »

Optimizing Skip-Stop Rail Transit Stopping Strategy using a Genetic Algorithm

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Young-Jae Lee, Shaghayegh Shariat, & Keechoo Choi With skip-stop rail transit operation, transit agencies can reduce their operating costs and fleet size and passengers can experience reduced in-transit travel times without extra track and technological improvement. However, since skip-stop operation does not serve all stations, passengers for certain origins-destinations could experience increased access time, waiting time, total travel time, and/or transfer. Only when the stopping and skipping stations are carefully coordinated can skip-stop service benefit passengers and transit agencies. This research developed a mathematical model using a Genetic Algorithm that coordinated the stopping and skipping stations for skip-stop rail operation. Using the flexibility of a Genetic … Read entire article »

Measuring Bus Service Reliability: An Example of Bus Rapid Transit in Changzhou

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Yueying Huo, Jinhua Zhao, Wenquan Li, & Xiaojian Hu The objective of this paper is to analyze service reliability of bus rapid transit (BRT) taking Changzhou BRT as an example. Headway irregularity, potential waiting time, equivalent waiting time, and reliability buffer time are recommended to measure service reliability of BRT. Temporal and spatial distributions and comparisons are analyzed. Findings are that passengers of Changzhou BRT need to budget, on average, an extra 3–5 minutes beyond their typical journey time for selected origin-destination pairs to ensure on-time arrival at destinations with 95% probability. Extra time budgeted for bus waiting beyond mean waiting time contributes to more than … Read entire article »

Light Rail and Land Use Change: Rail Transit’s Role in Reshaping and Revitalizing Cities

Journal of Public Transportation Article in Volume 17, Issue 2 (2014) by Christopher D. Higgins, Mark R. Ferguson, & Pavlos S. Kanaroglou Planners and policymakers often cite the tangible objective of land use change as a primary motivation and justification for an investment in light rail transit (LRT). But how has light rail performed with respect to achieving this goal? This paper reviews and synthesizes the previous literature on LRT and other rail rapid transit systems in North America, demonstrating that rail transit alone is not a primary driver of land use change and that six beneficial factors affect the ability of these systems to have a measurable impact on reshaping and revitalizing cities. View the full article or the … Read entire article »